By Lilly and Ava
Budgerigars and also known as the common parrot, are green and yellow native
birds to the Australian dessert. They have been adapting and living in Australia
for over 5 million years.
1. Budgerigar’s feathers are able to absorb water so they can go longer
periods of time without water.
2. They are brightly coloured (yellow and green) so the sun light reflects
off of them so they can stay cool and so they can camouflage in the more greener
3. They fly in big groups or flocks so they don’t get eaten by predators.
4. They are able to fly for long periods of time to look for food and water.
5. They eat lots of dry food to stay hydrated
One of the main adaptations of a budgerigar is its colours. Its bright green and
yellow help it camouflage in the wild. They also have a very flexible tongue that
allows them to eat seeds and nuts whole. A way they stay cool is their feathers
can soak up moisture from the dew in the mornings. Budgerigars can maintain a
small size around 18 – 20cm so they can camouflage better and so it is harder for
predators to catch them.
To stay cool budgerigars will bathe in damp grass and will drink up to 5.5% of
their body weight daily. To make sure they drink that amount of water they will
try to locate themselves near dams, rivers and other water sources. To make sure
they are always near a source of water they migrate all year round. This means
they do not build nest as they are always leaving and following where the water
goes. They will nest in hollow logs and trees. Their flocks can range from 3 –
100 birds. They use these flocks to protect each other by confusing predators
like the Australian hobby and butcherbirds by flying in many different directions
The key adaptations for the survival of the budgerigars is the way it migrates
all year round. This is crucial to its survival because if they don’t migrate
they will die of thirst. This adaptation has lead them to adapt the way they
nest. They have adapted to nesting in hollow logs trees instead of building nest.
Building nest has become a waste of a budgerigar’s time so using hollow logs and
trees means they can spend more time looking for water
They can live in cold and coastal environment and they can even live in dessert
Some areas in the dessert can be very hot and that can lead to budgerigars to
Budgerigars are never found in Tasmania, cape York and coastal areas of east and
Adaptations – the process of change by which an organism or species becomes
better suited to its environment.
Camouflage – hide or disguise the presence of (a person, animal, or object)
Moisture – wetness caused by water
Predators – an animal that naturally preys on others
Water sources – is a place that stores or has water
Migrate – an animal that moves from one region or habitat to another according to
Flocks – a number of birds of one kind feeding, resting, or travelling together